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As you are students of English，it's very possible that you'll be interested In England. That's where the language was first spoken. But England is often called by other names. This often confuses people and I wonder if you know what these names mean. So， now I would like to tell you about this matter of names. I believe that you have heard people use the names-England，Britain or Great Britain. Let's see what each of these names means.
If you look at a map of Europe，you'll see a group of islands-one larger island off the northwest coast，one smaller and many tiny ones. These make up what is called the British Isles(不列颠群岛)。The largest island of the British Isles is Britain. It is also called Great Britain. The smaller island is Ireland(爱尔兰)。
Britain is divided into three parts：Scotland，Wales and England. But sometimes the word "England" is used instead of "Britain". Why so?
In ancient times，what is Britain now used to be three different countries. People in these different countries spoke different languages. Over many years the three countries became one. England is the largest and richest of the three and it has the most people. So the English people take it for granted that their own name stands for the whole island.
There's another thing that confuses people：sometimes you may hear people say "the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland". That is the official name of the country. Northern Ireland is only one sixth of the island of Ireland. The rest of the island is an independent state，called the Republic of Ireland. So we have the names of "England"，"Britain"，"Great Britain"，and "the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland". Now do you know what each of them means?
61. English was first spoken in ( )。
C. Great Britain
62. Britain is divided into ( ) .
A. England， Britain， and Wales
B. England， Scotland， and Wales
C. Wales， Scotland， and Great Britain
D. Great Britain， Wales， and Scotland
63. According to the passage， which of the following statements is true?
A. Wales is the richest of the three.
B. Scotland is the largest of the three.
C. Sometimes England is used instead of Britain.
D. Britain is the only name of the largest island of British Isles.
64. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is ( )。
A. part of Britain
B. part of British Isles
C. the official name of the whole country England
D. the largest country of all mentioned in the passage
65. Which of the following is an independent country?
C. Northern Ireland.
D. The Republic of Ireland.
答案提示：61. B 62. B 63. C 64. C 65. D
Every year just after Christmas the January Sales start. All the shops reduce their prices and for two weeks，they are full of people looking for bargains. My husband and I do not normally go to the sales as we don't like crowds and in any case are short of money as we have to buy lots of Christmas presents. Last year，however，I took my husband with me to the sales at the large shop in the center of London. We both needed some new clothes and were hoping to find a television set. When we got to Oxford Street，it was so crowded that we decided to split up and meet again at the underground station. So I left my husband and started looking around the shops. Unfortunately all the clothes were in very large sizes and so were not suitable for me. But I did buy a television at a very cheap price，so I felt quite pleased with myself. When I arrived at the station，my husband was not there. So I sat down in a nearby café to have a cup of tea. I quickly finished my tea when I saw my husband and went out to meet him. He looked very happy. Then I saw he was carrying a large and heavy cardboard box. "Oh，dear!" I thought. Yes，we had no new clothes but two televisions. We shall not be going to the sales again.
66. In January ( )。
A. lots of people go shopping for discount
B. people have a lot of money to spend after Christmas
C. all the shops close for a two-week Christmas holiday
D. people don't have enough money to go looking for bargains
67. In this passage， the word "bargain" could best be replaced by "something ( )".
A. given to people
B. offered at a reduced price
C. offered， sold or bought which is expensive
D. sold for the purpose of reaching an agreement
68. The husband and wife in the story ( )。
A. wished to buy a TV
B. went to the sales the year before
C. often went to the sales to buy clothes
D. were usually not short of money after Christmas
69. The phrase "split up" in the second paragraph means "( )".
A. break apart
B. cause to break
C. become pieces
D. go in different directions
70. After their day's shopping， they ( )。
A. were happy with their bargains
B. had got everything they wanted
C. got more than they had hoped for
D. had to go back to the sales the next day
答案提示：66. A 67. B 68. A 69. D 70.
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